Bialowieza Primeval Forest
Where is it? What is it?
The Białowieża Forest (about 1500 square km) lies right on the
border between Poland and Belarus. Polish part of the forest covers about 600
square km. It is situated in the north - eastern Poland in the Podlaskie
Right in the heart of the Forest is the Białowieża National Park and
the village with the same name – Białowieża.
The high degree of naturalness of the Białowieża Forest habitats
makes it the only "window" into the past of the European nature.
Europe was covered by such forests approximately a thousand years
ago, before our civilization spread out and deforested the land.
Białowieża National Park (BPN) covers 105 square km.
It is only one-sixth of the entire Polish part of Białowieża Forest,
what means that most of the Forest is still not sufficiently protected!
Many efforts are undertaken to preserve the whole area of the Forest
under protection of the National Park. The forest area outside Białowieża NP is
under the State Forestry administration. It is called “The Bialowieza Forest
Promotional Forest Complex”. Because of unique nature habitats, in the whole
forest there are also other forms of protection for example: numerous natural
reserves, monumental trees, Nature 2000 areas.
The entire Polish part of the Białowieża Forest is recognized by
UNESCO as a biosphere reserve.
Since June 2014 all Białowieża Forest is honored by UNESCO as The
World Heritage Site!
What you can see?
What you can see here, mainly depends on the time when you decide to
There are clear seasonal changes visible in the nature because of
geographical localization of this deciduous forest. It means that every visit
can bring a totally new wildlife experience.
If you want to see big mammals: European bison, Red deer, Wild boar,
Elk, Roe deer in their natural habitat - choose winter!
There are 59 mammal species here. Between them 12 species
of predators - such as wolf and lynx!
All of the animals in the forest are very watchful because of
constant activity of their natural enemies. That is why the animal observation
in their natural habitat is not easy but it is very exciting indeed.
The best season for watching birds is Spring.
In whole Białowieza Forest about 250 bird species have been
In spring you can see birds which return to the Białowieza Forest
from their winter refuges, for example: Wryneck, Golden Oriole, Corncrake,
Lesser Spotted Eagle, 4 species of Flycatchers and many
This unique forest is the only place where you can find all 9
species of European woodpeckers! Białowieza Forest is even called the
kingdom of woodpeckers.
You can try to spot here all year round Three-toed woodpecker and
White-backed woodpecker – both species strictly connected with natural forests.
Pygmy Owl (the smallest owl in Europe) is another species you can find in this
forest in every season.
If you like amphibians, the spring forest is also for you.
There are 10 species of amphibians currently confirmed here:
Tree frog, Spadefoot, Common toad, Green toad, Common and Moor frog, 2 species
of green frogs and 2 species of newts: wheat and crested.
In Summer you can admire very dense and shadowy forest, filled with
herbs and ferns.
Autumn is the best to see how nature prepares for winter. In
September you can admire deer rut. The mating season of Red deer is very
spectacular. In October you can enjoy beautiful Polish golden Autumn!