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Bialowieza Primeval Forest

 

Orientation in the area

 

The Białowieża Forest (about 1500 square km) lies right on the border between Poland and Belarus. Polish part of the forest covers about 600 square km.

The western part of Białowieza Forest is situated in the north - eastern Poland in the voivodeship podlaskie. Right in the heart of Bialowieza Forest is the Białowieża National Park and the village of the same name – Białowieża.

The high degree of naturalness of the habitats of the Białowieża Forest  makes today that this forest is the only "window" into the past of the European nature. This continent was covered by such forests approximately a thousand years ago before spread our civilization.

Białowieża National Park covers 105 square km. This is only one-sixth of the entire Polish part of Białowieża Forest, what means that most of the Forest is still not sufficiently protected! Many efforts are undertaken to preserve all the area of Białowieza Forest under protection Białowieża National Park.

The forest area outside  Białowieża National Park is in the State Forestry administration -The Bialowieza Forest Promotional Forest Complex. Because of unique nature habitat of the whole forest there are here other forms protection for example the numerous natural reserves, monumental trees, Nature 2000.

The entire Polish part of the Białowieża Forest is recognized by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve. But only the oldest part of the Białowieża National Park is honored by the UNESCO of The World Heritage Site!!!

 

What you can see?

 

What you can see in Białowieza Forest, mainly depend from the time when you can choose visiting us. There are clear seasonal changes visible in the nature because of geographical localization of this deciduous forest. It means that each visit this wildlife could be totally different.

If you want to see big mammals in their natural habitat; European bison, Red deer, Wild boar, Elk, Roe deer - choose winter.

There are 59 species mammals here, between them 12 species  predators even such as the wolf, lynx! All of the animals in the forest  are very watchful because of constant activity of their natural enemies. That is why the animal observation in their natural habitat is not easy but it is very exciting indeed.

This unique forest is the only place where you can find all species European woodpeckers! Białowieza Forest is even called the kingdom of woodpeckers. Typical for natural forest Three-toed woodpecker, White-backed woodpecker you can try to see here all year round. All year also you can try to see Pygmy Owl (the smallest  owl in Europe ) The best season for bird – watching of course is spring time. In whole Białowieza Forest about 250 species birds were observed! In spring you can see  birds that return to the Białowieza Forest from migrations; for example such species birds as  Wryneck, Golden Oriole,  Corncrake, Lesser Spotted Eagle, 4 species Flycatchers and many different… If you like amphibians, the spring forest is also for you. There are 10 species currently confirmed here: tree frog, spadefoot, common toad, green toad and common frog, moor, 2 species of green frogs and 2 species of newts: wheat and crested.

In summer you can admire here very dense and shadowy forest full in herbs and ferns. Autumn is the best to see how nature prepared to the winter dream. In September in Białowieza you can admire  deer rut. The mating season of Red deer is very spectacular  In October you can enjoy yourself here real golden Polish autumn! 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
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